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Trends Cell Biol. 1995 Dec;5(12):441-3.

Monoglucosylation of low-molecular-mass GTP-binding Rho proteins by clostridial cytotoxins.

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Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany.


Rho proteins, which are involved in receptor-mediated regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, are substrates for ADP-ribosylation by Clostridium botulinum C3 toxins. Recently, it was shown that Rho and other members of the Rho subfamily of low-molecular-mass GTP-binding proteins are glucosylated by C. difficile toxins A and B. Glucosylation occurs at threonine-37, which is a crucial amino acid residue for the regulatory functions of the small GTP-binding proteins. These toxins should prove useful as tools for studying the functions of Rho proteins.


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