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Electrophoresis. 2004 Jan;25(1):28-34.

Quantitative and qualitative profiling of mitochondrial DNA length heteroplasmy.

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Department of Forensic Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Quantitative and qualitative analysis of mitochondrial DNA length heteroplasmy for the first hypervariable segment (HV1) and second hypervariable segment (HV2) regions were performed using size-based separation of fluorescently-labeled polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products by capillary electrophoresis. In this report, the relative proportions of length heteroplasmies in individuals were determined, and each length variant in the heteroplasmic mtDNA mixture was identified. The study demonstrated that 36% and 69% of Koreans show length heteroplasmy in the HV1 and HV2 regions, respectively. Electropherograms revealed that length heteroplasmy in the HV1 region resulted in over 5 length variants in an individual. The peak patterns of length heteroplasmy in the HV1 region were classified into five major types. In the HV2 region, length heteroplasmy resulted in 3-6 length variants in an individual, and showed seven variant peak patterns. The increased knowledge concerning mtDNA length heteroplasmy is believed to not only offer a useful means of determining genetic identity due to increased mitochondrial DNA haplotype diversity by allowing mtDNAs to be classified into several peak patterns, but also represent a promising tool for the diagnosis of several common diseases which are etiologically or prognostically associated with mtDNA polymorphisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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