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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Feb;53(2):318-24. Epub 2004 Jan 16.

Effect of moxifloxacin versus imipenem/cilastatin treatment on the mortality of mice infected intravenously with different strains of Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia coli.

Author information

1
Institute for Medical Microbiology and Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, University of Leipzig, Liebigstr. 24, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany. schaur@medizin.uni-leipzig.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the effect of moxifloxacin versus imipenem/cilastatin (hereafter referred to as imipenem) treatment on the mortality of mice infected intravenously with different strains of Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia coli.

METHODS:

Groups of 20 mice each were infected intravenously with different strains of B. fragilis [moxifloxacin and imipenem susceptible or resistant, and enterotoxin (ET) positive or negative] and E. coli (moxifloxacin and imipenem susceptible). Twenty-four hours post-infection, intravenous therapy with either moxifloxacin (2.0 mg twice a day) or imipenem (2.4 mg three times a day) was started and continued for 3 days. Control groups were left untreated. Survival rates were recorded at day 7 post-infection. At that time, surviving mice were killed and numbers of bacteria in the liver and kidneys were determined.

RESULTS:

If compared with untreated animals, mice treated with either moxifloxacin or imipenem showed significantly improved survival (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference (P = 0.97) in the survival rates comparing the two treatment regimens irrespective of the ET positivity or the susceptibility to moxifloxacin or imipenem of the infective B. fragilis strain. However, there was a tendency that B. fragilis was recovered more often from the liver and kidneys of mice infected with ET positive strains.

CONCLUSIONS:

The data show that moxifloxacin was as efficacious as imipenem in reducing the mortality rate of mice suffering from a severe systemic aerobic/anaerobic infection.

PMID:
14729746
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkh089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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