Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Brain Dev. 2004 Jan;26(1):19-25.

Prognosis after withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs in childhood-onset cryptogenic localization-related epilepsies.

Author information

1
Department of Child Neurology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama, Japan. hodaka@md.okayama-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to clarify the risk factors of relapse following discontinuation of AEDs in patients with childhood-onset cryptogenic localization-related epilepsies. The subjects were 82 patients who fulfilled the following criteria: (1) age at first visit of less than 15 years, (2) follow-up period of more than 5 years, (3) suffering from cryptogenic localization-related epilepsies, and (4) the patient underwent AED withdrawal during the follow-up period. As a basic principle, we decided to start withdrawing AEDs when both of the following two conditions were met: (1) the patient had a seizure-free period of 3 years or more, and (2) there were no epileptic discharges on EEGs just prior to the start of withdrawal. Seizures recurred in eight of the 82 patients (9.8%). Univariate analysis revealed that the following factors were correlated with higher rates of seizure relapse: 6 years of age or higher at onset of epilepsy; 15 years of age or higher at the start of AED withdrawal; 5 years or more from the start of AED treatment to seizure control; five or more seizures before seizure control; and two or more AEDs administered before seizure control. Among these risk factors, 6 years of age or higher at onset and 5 years or more from the start of AED treatment to seizure control were determined by multivariate analysis to be independent risk factors for relapse. Thus, we conclude that the physician should be more careful in discontinuing AEDs in these higher-risk patients groups, and more generous in discontinuing AEDs in lower-risk groups.

PMID:
14729410
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center