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Eur J Biochem. 2004 Feb;271(3):483-93.

Acyl-CoA dehydrogenases and acyl-CoA oxidases. Structural basis for mechanistic similarities and differences.

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Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.


Acyl-CoA dehydrogenases and acyl-CoA oxidases are two closely related FAD-containing enzyme families that are present in mitochondria and peroxisomes, respectively. They catalyze the dehydrogenation of acyl-CoA thioesters to the corresponding trans-2-enoyl-CoA. This review examines the structure of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, as a representative of the dehydrogenase family, with respect to the catalytic mechanism and its broad chain length specificity. Comparing the structures of four other acyl-CoA dehydrogenases provides further insights into the structural basis for the substrate specificity of each of these enzymes. In addition, the structure of peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidase II from rat liver is compared to that of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and the structural basis for their different oxidative half reactions is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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