Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 2004 Jan 28;23(2):406-17. Epub 2004 Jan 15.

Competition of CUGBP1 and calreticulin for the regulation of p21 translation determines cell fate.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology and Huffington Center on Aging, Houston, TX, USA.


Induction of p21 in senescent human fibroblasts plays a key role in the inactivation of cyclin-dependent kinases and the resulting irreversible growth arrest in the early stages of cell senescence. We found that RNA-binding proteins are critical regulators of p21 during senescence. Two RNA-binding proteins, CUGBP1 and calreticulin (CRT), interact with the same nucleotide sequences within the 5' region of p21 mRNA, but have opposite effects on the translation of p21 mRNA. CUGBP1 increases translation of p21 mRNA, whereas CRT blocks translation of p21 via stabilization of a stem-loop structure within the 5' region of the p21 mRNA. CUGBP1 and CRT compete for binding to p21 mRNA and thereby the regulation of p21 translation. In senescent fibroblasts, CUGBP1 displaces CRT from the p21 mRNA and releases CRT-dependent repression of p21 translation leading to growth arrest and development of a senescent phenotype. These data present evidence that competition between RNA-binding proteins for the regulation of p21 translation determines cell fate.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center