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Chem Phys Lipids. 2004 Feb;127(2):199-206.

Effects of lysophosphatidic acid on melanogenesis.

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  • 1Research Division for Human Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effects of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on melanogenesis in Mel-Ab cells. We found that LPA significantly attenuates melanin synthesis, and reduces the activity of tyrosinase, the rate-limiting melanogenic enzyme. Interestingly, LPA was also found to induce the activation of a 90 kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK-1), which is known to phosphorylate microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) at serine 409. Though it has been previously reported that the phosphorylation of MITF is followed by the degradation of MITF, we found that LPA significantly inhibited MITF promoter activity, and that this reduced MITF and tyrosinase protein production. Our results indicate that LPA contributes to reduced melanin synthesis via the down-regulation of MITF.

PMID:
14726002
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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