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Genes Cells. 2004 Jan;9(1):59-70.

TNFalpha-induced ATF3 expression is bidirectionally regulated by the JNK and ERK pathways in vascular endothelial cells.

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1
Department of Functional Genomics, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.

Abstract

ATF3 (Activating transcription factor 3), a member of the CREB/ATF family, can be induced by stress and growth factors in mammalian cells, and is thought to play an important role in the cardiovascular system. However, little is currently known about how the induction of ATF3 is regulated, except that the JNK pathway is involved. Here, we investigated the differential roles of the MAPK pathways involved in TNFalpha (tumour necrosis factor alpha)-induced ATF3 expression in vascular endothelial cells. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, the expression of constitutively active MKK7 (MAPK kinase 7) increased the number of ATF3-positive cells, and dominant negative MKK7 suppressed the TNFalpha-induced expression of ATF3, indicating a requirement for the JNK pathway. In contrast, the expression of constitutively active or dominant negative MEK1/2 (MAPK/ERK kinase 1/2) suppressed or enhanced TNFalpha-mediated induction of ATF3, respectively. In support of this, the MEK1/2 specific inhibitor U0126 enhanced the expression of ATF3 induced by TNFalpha. Furthermore, the ERK pathway inhibits the TNFalpha-mediated induction of ATF3 mRNA, but not its stability, suggesting the involvement of ERK activity in the transcriptional regulation of the ATF3 gene. Our results suggest that TNFalpha-induced ATF3 gene expression is bidirectionally regulated by the JNK and ERK pathways in vascular endothelial cells.

PMID:
14723708
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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