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Oncol Nurs Forum. 2004 Jan-Feb;31(1):105-10.

An intervention to increase mammography use by Korean American women.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, CA, USA. ykim@apu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:

To test the effectiveness of a community-based intervention to increase mammography screening for Korean American women.

DESIGN:

Quasi-experimental, pre-/post-test, three-group design.

SETTING:

Urban Korean American communities in Southern California.

SAMPLE:

141 Korean American women, aged 40-75, who had not had a mammogram in the previous 12 months.

METHOD:

Two Korean churches were selected randomly to be study sites that would provide health screening programs. The study included an experimental group that would have access to a peer-group educational program and low-cost mammography, a group that would have access to low-cost mammography alone, and a control group. Participant-focused strategies were used to involve Korean American women from the community.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:

Mammography use, breast cancer screening attitudes, and knowledge.

FINDINGS:

Women in the experimental program had significantly improved attitudes and knowledge about breast cancer screening. Mammography use in the experimental group (87%) was not significantly different from that in the mammography-access-only group (72%). Both interventions proved to be more effective than no intervention at all (control group = 47%).

CONCLUSIONS:

An educational program that includes participant-focused research strategies and access to low-cost mammograms resulted in higher levels of screening.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING:

Community-focused interventions can increase rates of cancer screening among Korean American women.

PMID:
14722594
DOI:
10.1188/04.ONF.105-110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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