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Ann Nutr Metab. 1992;36(4):186-96.

Postprandial pattern of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein in normal-weight humans after an oral lipid load: exaggerated triglycerides and altered insulin response in some subjects.

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IIIrd Department of Internal Medicine, (Internal Medicine-Endocrinology), University Clinic Mainz, FRG.


In 13 healthy, male nonsmokers (mean age: 25.7 +/- 2.4 years) with normal fasting triglycerides we investigated postprandial changes of triglycerides in several lipoprotein fractions. After a 12-hour overnight fast they ingested a standardized lipid load (1,017 kcal) including 30,000 IU retinyl palmitate. Postprandially, total triglycerides increased significantly (p < 0.001) to a peak value of 221 +/- 81 mg/dl at 5 h. Two subjects had an exceptionally strong triglyceride response (peak values: 363 and 390 mg/dl). They had the highest levels of retinyl palmitate in the chylomicron and the nonchylomicron fraction, and one of them showed elevated intermediate-density lipoprotein values throughout the test period. In addition, they showed an altered early and an increased late postprandial insulin response. Thus, our data provide evidence that an exaggerated postprandial triglyceride response may point to an increased atherogenic risk even in healthy subjects with normal fasting triglycerides.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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