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Prostate. 2004 Feb 1;58(2):156-63.

Functional and anatomical effects of hormonally induced experimental prostate growth: a urodynamic model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the beagle.

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Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical School, Fukushima, Japan.



Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) produces a variety of changes in the urodynamic pattern of micturition and is usually associated with high detrusor voiding pressure and poor urine flow-rate. In most previous experimental models, designed to simulate this condition, some degree of obstruction is immediately imposed by the technique employed to produce urethral occlusion. Consequently these models cannot reproduce the gradual onset of obstruction. In the present study a canine prostatic enlargement model, using 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) + 17beta-estradiol (E) was adapted in order to produce a more gradual onset of partial obstruction and impaired voiding.


Hormonally induced prostatic enlargement was produced using seven beagles, given DHT 75 mg/day together with E 0.75 mg/day for 28 days via an implantable pump. The functional effects of DHT + E treatment on micturition pressure/flow were measured in the conscious animal. Identical measurements were also made using a separate older group of five beagles with symptoms of BPH. In addition seven beagles similarly instrumented were used as controls.


Pressure/flow studies show that DHT + E produced obstructive micturition, characterized by a significantly increased micturition detrusor pressure, from 33.3 +/- 10.5 to 50.8 +/- 10.7 cmH(2)O and significantly decreased low urine flow-rate from 8.6 +/- 2.1 to 6.9 +/- 0.9 ml/sec. Associated with the obstructive micturition, this treatment increased wet prostate weight from 11.9 +/- 2.5 to 31.6 +/- 10.0 g. Prostate volume of the BPH beagles was 29.3 +/- 8.9 g. Morphologic studies show that DHT + E produced epithelial hyperplasia extending focally into the lumen.


Hormonally induced prostate growth produced bladder obstruction, in terms of pressure/flow characteristics, that are analogous to BPH. It is suggested that this type of hormonal treatment can be used to create a model for the study of the effects of controlled increased in prostate growth and the development of BPH on micturition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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