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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jan 27;101(4):980-5. Epub 2004 Jan 8.

Coregulator-dependent facilitation of chromatin occupancy by GATA-1.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1300 University Avenue, 383 Medical Sciences Center, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


Coregulator recruitment by DNA-bound factors results in chromatin modification and protein-protein interactions, which regulate transcription. However, the mechanism by which the Friend of GATA (FOG) coregulator mediates GATA factor-dependent transcription is unknown. We showed previously that GATA-1 replaces GATA-2 at an upstream region of the GATA-2 locus, and that this GATA switch represses GATA-2. Genetic complementation analysis in FOG-1-null hematopoietic precursors revealed that FOG-1 is not required for establishment or maintenance of the active GATA-2 domain, but is critical for the GATA switch. Analysis of GATA factor binding to additional loci also revealed FOG-1-dependent GATA switches. Thus, FOG-1 facilitates chromatin occupancy by GATA-1 at sites bound by GATA-2. We propose that FOG-1 is a prototype of a new class of coregulators termed chromatin occupancy facilitators, which confer coregulation in certain contexts via enhancing trans-acting factor binding to chromatin in vivo.

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