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J Biol Chem. 2004 Apr 2;279(14):14440-6. Epub 2004 Jan 8.

The glucose-regulated nuclear localization of hexokinase 2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is Mig1-dependent.

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  • 1Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Universidad de Oviedo, Campus del Cristo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.


Two major mediators of glucose repression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are the proteins Mig1 and Hxk2. The mechanism of Hxk2-dependent glucose repression pathway is not well understood, but the Mig1-dependent part of the pathway has been elucidated in great detail. Here we report that Hxk2 has a glucose-regulated nuclear localization and that Mig1, a transcriptional repressor responsible for glucose repression of many genes, is required to sequester Hxk2 into the nucleus. Mig1 and Hxk2 interacted in vivo in a yeast two-hybrid assay and in vitro in immunoprecipitation and glutathione S-transferase pull-down experiments. We found that the Lys(6)-Met(15) decapeptide of Hxk2, which is necessary for nuclear localization of the protein, is also essential for interaction with the Mig1 protein. Our results also show that the Hxk2-Mig1 interaction is of physiological significance because both proteins have been found interacting together in a cluster with DNA fragments containing the MIG1 site of SUC2 promoter. We conclude that Hxk2 operates by interacting with Mig1 to generate a repressor complex located in the nucleus of S. cerevisiae during growth in glucose medium.

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