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Acta Pathol Jpn. 1992 Nov;42(11):818-25.

An autopsy case of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (MELAS) with special reference to extra-neuromuscular abnormalities.

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Institute of Pathological Anatomy, Hitachi General Hospital, Japan.


An autopsy case of a 37-year-old man with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy is reported. Ragged-red fibers and crystalline inclusions in mitochondria were revealed by biopsy of the striated muscle of the patient. Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) was diagnosed clinically. In addition to severe atrophy and degeneration of the generalized striated muscles and many foci of laminar necrosis of the cerebral cortex, the following abnormalities were observed: 1) hypertrophy of the myocardium, 2) fatty change of the liver, 3) focal sclerosis of the glomeruli and dilatation of the tubules of the kidneys, 4) hyalinous degeneration of the Langerhans' islands of the pancreas and 5) wavy change of the smooth muscle fibers of the muscularis propria of the gastrointestinal tract. We suggest that mitochondrial encephalomyopathy affects various organs and tissues, among which susceptibility of the muscular tissues--skeletal muscle, myocardium and smooth muscle--is high.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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