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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jan 30;314(1):151-8.

Expression of adiponectin receptors in human macrophages and regulation by agonists of the nuclear receptors PPARalpha, PPARgamma, and LXR.

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UR 545 INSERM, Institut Pasteur de Lille and Université de Lille 2, Lille, France.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors expressed in macrophages where they control cholesterol homeostasis and inflammation. In an attempt to identify new PPARalpha and PPARgamma target genes in macrophages, a DNA array-based global gene expression profiling experiment was performed on human primary macrophages treated with specific PPARalpha and PPARgamma agonists. Surprisingly, AdipoR2, one of the two recently identified receptors for adiponectin, an adipocyte-specific secreted hormone with anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic activities, was found to be induced by both PPARalpha and PPARgamma. AdipoR2 induction by PPARalpha and PPARgamma in primary and THP-1 macrophages was confirmed by Q-PCR analysis. Interestingly, treatment with a synthetic LXR agonist induced the expression of both AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. Furthermore, co-incubation with a PPARalpha ligand and adiponectin resulted in an additive effect on the reduction of macrophage cholesteryl ester content. Finally, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 are both present in human atherosclerotic lesions. Moreover, AdipoR1 is more abundant than AdipoR2 in monocytes and its expression decreases upon differentiation into macrophages, whereas AdipoR2 remains constant. In conclusion, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 are expressed in human atherosclerotic lesions and macrophages and can be modulated by PPAR and LXR ligands, thus identifying a mechanism of crosstalk between adiponectin and these nuclear receptor signaling pathways.

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