Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Brain Res. 2004 Jan 30;997(1):52-61.

Functional characterization of brain peptide transporter in rat cerebral cortex: identification of the high-affinity type H+/peptide transporter PEPT2.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemical Pharmacology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Yamashina, Kyoto 607-8414, Japan.


In this report, we studied the functional characteristics of a brain peptide transporter using synaptosomes prepared from rat cerebral cortex. Crude synaptosomes (P(2) fraction) were prepared from cerebral cortices in male Wistar rats. Uptake of [14C]glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar), a substrate for H(+)/oligopeptide transporters PEPT1 and PEPT2, and [3H]histidine, a substrate for peptide/histidine transporters PHT1 and PHT2, was measured at 37 degrees C by a rapid filtration technique. The uptake of [14C]Gly-Sar into synaptosomes was stimulated by an inwardly directed H(+)-gradient. The uptake system exhibited a Michaelis-Menten constant (K(t)) of 110+/-20 microM for Gly-Sar. This value is comparable to the K(t) value for Gly-Sar uptake via the high-affinity H(+)/peptide transporter PEPT2. The H(+)-dependent uptake of [14C]Gly-Sar into synaptosomes was inhibited by di- and tripeptides and beta-lactam antibiotics, but was unaffected by amino acids glycine and histidine. In particular, kyotorphin (Tyr-Arg) completely inhibited Gly-Sar uptake with the K(i) value of 29+/-14 microM. These uptake properties of the brain peptide transporter (i.e., the K(t) value for Gly-Sar uptake and the K(i) value of kyotorphin for Gly-Sar uptake) are very similar to those of PEPT2. RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses revealed that PEPT2 is actually expressed in the cerebral cortex in rat. These results indicate that a H(+)-coupled high affinity peptide transport system is functionally expressed in the cerebral cortex and that this transport system is identical to PEPT2.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center