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Am J Public Health. 2004 Jan;94(1):82-8.

Unemployment and mental health: understanding the interactions among gender, family roles, and social class.

Author information

1
Department of Experimental Sciences and Health, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and the Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. lartazco@imsb.bcn.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined gender differences in the effects of unemployment on mental health and assessed whether such effects are associated with interactions among gender, family roles, and social class.

METHODS:

Our analysis included 3881 employed and 638 unemployed workers, aged 25 to 64 years, interviewed in the 1994 Catalonian Health Survey.

RESULTS:

Unemployment had more of an effect on the mental health of men (age-adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.98; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.30, 3.87) than on that of women (age-adjusted OR = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.11, 2.06). Gender differences in effects were related to family responsibilities and social class.

CONCLUSIONS:

Understanding the effects of unemployment on mental health requires consideration of the interactions among gender, family responsibilities, and social class.

PMID:
14713703
PMCID:
PMC1449831
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.94.1.82
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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