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Surg Clin North Am. 2003 Dec;83(6):1293-304, vii.

The da Vinci telerobotic surgical system: the virtual operative field and telepresence surgery.

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Hackensack University, Medical Center, 20 Prospect Avenue, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA.


The United States Department of Defense developed the telepresence surgery concept to meet battlefield demands. The da Vinci telerobotic surgery system evolved from these efforts. In this article, the authors describe the components of the da Vinci system and explain how the surgeon sits at a computer console, views a three-dimensional virtual operative field, and performs the operation by controlling robotic arms that hold the stereoscopic video telescope and surgical instruments that simulate hand motions with seven degrees of freedom. The three-dimensional imaging and handlike motions of the system facilitate advanced minimally invasive thoracic, cardiac, and abdominal procedures. da Vinci has recently released a second generation of telerobots with four arms and will continue to meet the evolving challenges of surgery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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