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Toxicology. 1992 Dec 4;76(3):219-31.

Incorporation of [35S]sulfate into glomerular membranes of rats chronically exposed to cadmium and its relation with urinary glycosaminoglycans and proteinuria.

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1
Industrial Toxicology and Occupational Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to assess the effects of long-term exposure to Cd on the sulfatation of glomerular membranes and their relation with proteinuria and urinary glycosaminoglycans (GAG). For this purpose the in vitro incorporation of [35S]sulfate was investigated in female Sprague-Dawley rats given 100 ppm of Cd in drinking water for 7 months. When compared with their controls, glomeruli from Cd-treated rats showed a 12.8% decrease in the incorporation of the label into glomerular membranes. This effect, which was not explained by differences in viability or in sulfate uptake by the glomeruli, suggests that sulfatation of glomerular membranes is impaired in Cd-treated rats. In support of this, in another independent experiment, a decrease, 17.4% on average, of the sulfate content of glomerular membranes was observed in long-term Cd-treated rats (100 ppm in drinking water for 4 months). This effect was significantly correlated with albuminuria and transferrinuria but not with beta 2-microglobinuria, suggesting that a loss of heparan sulfate of the glomerular capillary wall could be involved in the Cd-induced glomerular proteinuria. On the other hand an enhanced urinary excretion of GAG, negatively correlated with the sulfate content of glomerular membranes, was also observed in Cd-treated rats. Moreover GAG excretion was associated with tubular and glomerular proteinuria, which suggests that GAG might be a useful marker of Cd-induced nephrotoxicity.

PMID:
1471159
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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