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Microsc Microanal. 2002 Feb;8(1):21-8.

Development of wet environment TEM (wet-ETEM) for in situ studies of liquid-catalyst reactions on the nanoscale.

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DuPont, Central Research and Development Laboratories, Experimental Station, Wilmington, DE 19880-0356, USA.


We present the development of in situ wet environmental transmission electron microscopy (wet-ETEM) for direct probing of controlled liquid-catalyst reactions at operating temperatures on the nanoscale. The first nanoscale imaging and electron diffraction of dynamic liquid hydrogenation and polymerization reactions in the manufacture of polyamides reported here opens up new opportunities for high resolution studies of a wide range of solution-solid and solution-gas-solid reactions in the chemical and biological sciences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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