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J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2004 Feb;24(1):36-41.

Effects of once-daily osmotic-release methylphenidate on blood pressure and heart rate in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: results from a one-year follow-up study.

Author information

1
Clinical Research Program in Pediatric Psychopharmacology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. wilens@helix.mgh.harvard.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Studies of vital signs in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) receiving stimulants indicate a variable effect on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). We evaluated the longer-term effects on vital signs of once-daily osmotic-release methylphenidate (MPH, Concerta) in children with ADHD.

METHODS:

As part of a 1-year open-extension trial, we studied children with ADHD (aged 6-13 years; baseline assessment, n = 432) who were entered into an open-label study of osmotic-release MPH (18-54 mg) for up to 1 year. Subjects' BP and HR were recorded at monthly visits and, when applicable, analyses were by last observation carried forward.

RESULTS:

Compared to off-drug baseline, osmotic-release MPH was associated with minor clinical, although statistically significant, changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (3.3 and 1.5 mm Hg, Ps < 0.001) and HR (3.9 bpm, P < 0.0001) at 12-month end point. There was no clear dose-response relationship. There was no tolerance to the pressor effects of osmotic-release MPH over the 1-year period. There was an inverse relationship between baseline vital signs and positive change in vital signs at end point.

CONCLUSIONS:

Over a 12-month period, osmotic-release MPH produced minor clinical, although statistically significant, changes in BP and HR in children with ADHD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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