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J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2004 Jan;26(1):9-12.

HIV infection presenting as severe autoimmune hemolytic anemia with disseminated intravascular coagulation in an infant.

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  • 1Divisions of Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is rare in children. It is generally diagnosed in relation to a viral or bacterial infection but has also been described in association with drugs, autoimmune disease, malignancy, and immunodeficiency. The authors describe a 5-month-old infant who presented with severe autoimmune hemolytic anemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation as his initial manifestation of HIV infection.

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