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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Jul 30;51(16):4603-9.

Stability and bioaccessibility of isoflavones from soy bread during in vitro digestion.

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Interdisciplinary Ph.D. Program in Nutrition, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.


The impact of simulated digestion on the stability and bioaccessibility of isoflavonoids from soy bread was examined using simulated oral, gastric, and small intestinal digestion. The aqueous (bioaccessible) fraction was isolated from digesta by centrifugation, and samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Isoflavonoids were stable during simulated digestion. Partitioning of aglycones, acetylgenistin, and malonylgenistin into the aqueous fraction was significantly (P < 0.01) affected by the concentration of bile present during small intestinal digestion. Omission of bile resulted in nondetectable genistein and <40% of total daidzein, glycitein, and acetylgenistin in the aqueous fraction of digesta. Partitioning of these compounds into the aqueous fraction was increased by physiological concentrations of bile extract. These results suggest that micellarization is required for optimal bioaccessibility of isoflavonoid aglycones. We propose that the bioavailability of isoflavones from foods containing fat and protein may exceed that of supplements due to enhanced bile secretion.

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