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Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2003 Nov;38(6):414-6.

[Three dimensional finite element stress analysis on superstructure of the fixed bridge supported by tooth-implant].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Stomatology, Center for Endemic Disease Control, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China.



To reveal the stress distribution in the superstructure of fixed bridge supported by tooth-implant in the process of mastication for improvement of denture design.


The stress distribution and displacement of the superstructure were studied and analyzed by means of CT Scan, CAD and three-dimensional finite element when various loads were applied.


(1) The stress distribution in abutments under oblique loads at forty-five degrees was uneven and the peak value was 4 - 6 times higher than that under vertical loads. Stress concentration occurred with significant compressive stress. (2) Compressive stress widely distributed in the middle area of occlusal surface of pontic, whose peak value under concentrated loads was significantly higher than that under disperse loads. The loading direction had no effect on the stress concentration. (3) The maximum displacement of implant abutment in medial-distal direction was greater than that of the neck of nature tooth.


The mechanic complications of superstructure could be prevented by reducing oblique loads and concentrated ones. It is certain that the further improvements of curve-resistance of pontics and press-resistance of abutments are available.

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