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Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jan 15;38(2):243-51. Epub 2003 Dec 19.

Bacteremia due to Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates producing the TEM-52 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase: treatment outcome of patients receiving imipenem or ciprofloxacin.

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Laboratorio di Microbiologia, Ospedale di Circolo and UniversitĂ  dell'Insubria, Varese, Italy.


The treatment outcome of 35 cases of bacteremia due to Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates producing TEM-52 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase was studied. Twenty-eight cases, classified as "nonfatal disease" using the McCabe and Jackson classification, were investigated with regard to ciprofloxacin and imipenem response. Because ciprofloxacin was active in vitro against 21 of 28 isolates, only the treatment outcome of the ciprofloxacin-susceptible subgroup was evaluated. Eight of 10 cases occurred in patients who experienced a complete response to imipenem; 2 of 10 failed to respond. In contrast, only 2 of 7 cases had a partial response to ciprofloxacin, and, in 5 of 7 cases, the treatment failed. Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference in the treatment outcome of the 2 groups (P=.03). Because the isolates had minimum inhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin close to the susceptibility breakpoint, treatment failure could be ascribed to the inability of the drug to reach therapeutic concentrations at infected sites.

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