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Mol Psychiatry. 2004 Feb;9(2):144-50.

Linkage analysis for autism in a subset families with obsessive-compulsive behaviors: evidence for an autism susceptibility gene on chromosome 1 and further support for susceptibility genes on chromosome 6 and 19.

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Laboratory of Molecular Neuropsychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.


Although there is considerable evidence for a strong genetic component to idiopathic autism, several genome-wide screens for susceptibility genes have been carried out with limited concordance of linked loci, reflecting numerous genes of weak effect and/or sample heterogeneity. In the current study, linkage analysis was carried out in a sample of 62 autism-affected relative pairs with more severe obsessive-compulsive behaviors, selected from a larger (n=115) set of autism-affected relative pairs as a means of reducing sample heterogeneity. Obsessive-compulsive behaviors were assessed using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R). In the sample with more severe obsessive-compulsive behaviors, multipoint NPL scores above 2 were observed on chromosomes 1, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11 and 19, with the strongest evidence for linkage on chromosome 1 at the marker D1S1656, where the multipoint NPL score was 3.06, and the two-point NPL score was 3.21. In follow-up analyses, analyzing the subset of families (n=35) where the patients had the most severe obsessive-compulsive behaviors generated a multipoint NPL score of 2.76, and a two-point NPL score of 2.79, indicating that the bulk of evidence for linkage was derived from the families most severely affected with obsessive-compulsive behaviors. The data suggest that there is an autism susceptibility gene on chromosome 1 and provide further support for the presence of autism susceptibility genes on chromosomes 6 and 19.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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