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Exp Gerontol. 2003 Nov-Dec;38(11-12):1265-70.

Photoaging as a consequence of natural and therapeutic ultraviolet irradiation--studies on PUVA-induced senescence-like growth arrest of human dermal fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology and Allergy, University of Ulm, Maienweg 12, Ulm 89081, Germany.

Abstract

Premature aging of the skin is a prominent side effect of psoralen photoactivation, a therapy widely and successfully used for different skin disorders. Recently, we demonstrated that treatment of fibroblasts with 8-methoxypsoralen and ultraviolet A irradiation resulted in growth arrest with morphological and functional changes reminiscent of replicative senescence. In this minireview we will focus on the similarities between intrinsic and extrinsic aging and PUVA-induced senescence-like growth arrest both resulting in the loss of the structural integrity of the dermal connective tissue as a hallmark of intrinsic aging and photoaging (extrinsic aging) of the skin, and we will discuss the important role of oxidative stress related telomere attrition in the PUVA-induced phenotype of dermal fibroblasts. With the PUVA-induced growth arrest of fibroblasts a new model has been added to the growing number of in vitro models with longterm growth arrest upon exposure to sublethal stressors (i.e. hyperoxia, hydrogen peroxide, ethanol), which are characterized by morphological and functional changes common for cellular senescence. This model may be particularly suited for further studies addressing mechanisms of stress-induced senescence-like growth arrest in vitro and in vivo, since many dermatological patients are treated with PUVA allowing the analysis of putative stress-induced premature senescence in vivo.

PMID:
14698806
DOI:
10.1016/j.exger.2003.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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