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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2003 Dec;29(12):1685-90.

The interobserver reliability of ovarian volume measurement is improved with three-dimensional ultrasound, but dependent upon technique.

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Academic Division of Reproductive Medicine, School of Human Development, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.


The effect of measurement technique on the interobserver reliability of ovarian volume calculation from three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US) data was investigated. Ovarian volume was calculated in 20 patients by two observers using both the "prolate ellipsoid formula" and a new 3-D rotational technique (VOCAL). There was a significant difference between observers in mean ovarian volume calculated by the prolate ellipsoid formula (31.54 mL vs. 26.54 mL: p < 0.05), which proved to be a significantly less reliable technique than 3-D rotational volume calculation with VOCAL. Image quality was significantly better (p < 0.001) and measurements were significantly more reliable (p < 0.05) in the B-plane than in the C- plane of the multiplanar display. Rotational measurement of ovarian volume from 3-D US data is significantly more reliable between observers than volume estimation from 2-D parameters using the prolate ellipsoid formula, but is dependent upon image quality, which is significantly better in the B-plane than in the C-plane.

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