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Cell Immunol. 2003 Oct;225(2):65-74.

Electrofusion of syngeneic dendritic cells and tumor generates potent therapeutic vaccine.

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Center for Surgery Research, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


Antigen presentation by dendritic cells (DCs) has the potential to elicit therapeutic immune responses against malignant tumors. One strategy utilizing DC-tumor fusion hybrids as cancer vaccine is particularly attractive because of polyclonal presentation of a diverse array of unaltered tumor antigens. We have recently developed a large-scale electrofusion technique for generating DC-tumor heterokaryons and demonstrated their superb immunogenicity. Here, employing the weakly immunogenic MCA205 sarcoma, a single vaccination with electrofusion hybrids eradicated tumors established in the lung, skin, and brain. Immunotherapy required intra-lymphoid vaccine delivery and co-administration of adjuvants such as OX-40R antibody. Tumor eradication was immunologically specific and involved the participation of both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Consistent with DC's functionality of MHC-restriction, the use of syngeneic DCs for fusion was an obligatory requirement. Fusion with allogeneic DCs completely lacked therapeutic effects. These findings provide a strong impetus for treating cancer patients with similarly generated DC-tumor hybrids.

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