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West Afr J Med. 2003 Sep;22(3):225-31.

Psychosocial factors associated with perceived psychological health, perception of menopause and sexual satisfaction in menopausal women and controls.

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1
Clinical Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The study investigated factors associated with attitude towards sex-role, self-image and marital satisfaction on psychological health status, perception of menopause and sexual satisfaction in climacteric women in Ibadan, Nigeria.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

45 female participants were randomly selected from Ibadan. The mean age was 51.42 +/- 8.05 years (range = 36 - 70 years). The mean age for the 13 non-menopausal women was 42.79 +/- 3. 91 years (range = 42 - 47 years) while the mean age for the 32 menopausal women was 5.16 +/- 6.08 years (range = 47 - 70 years). The mean age of the children of the participants was 16.05 +/- 8.09 years (range = 1 - 36 years). A questionnaire having several subsections (consisting of the psychological health status of women in the climacteric, attitude towards sex role, perception of menopause, social support, marital satisfaction, self-image and sexuality scales was used for the assessment.

RESULTS:

Post-Menopausal women reported better psychological health compared to the pre-menopausal women (t = 1.86, p < .05) but no significant differences in their attitude to sex role. Post menopausal women had more positive attitude to sex (t = 3.15, p < .01) and were more knowledgeable about menopause (t = 2.15, p < .03). Women with conservative/reactionary preference for traditional sex roles reported negative perception of menopause compared to those with liberal attitude toward sex role (t = 1.82, p < 0.05). Menopausal Status, Educational level and social support predicted positive attitude to sex, (F = 3.62, P < .01). Age, self-image and attitude to sex domain of the marital satisfaction scale predicted better psychological health, and marital cordiality predicted better psychological health as measured by GIIQ (R2 = 25, beta = -43, t = -2.38, P < .02). Marital satisfaction significantly predicted better sexuality, (F = 5.47, R square = 0.11, p <0.05). Sources of information on menopause included health institutions, books, doctors, and books/health workers.

CONCLUSION:

The study highlights the need for sensitizing menopausal Nigerian women on how to improve their self-image, marital satisfaction, and sexual satisfaction. Conventional treatment options emphasizing hormone replacement therapy, need for nutritional supplement, dietary changes, marital and sex therapy are emphasized.

PMID:
14696946
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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