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Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Nov-Dec;50(54):2028-30.

Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with hepatosplenic Mansonic schistosomiasis--prospective study.

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Gastroenterology Department, Hospital das ClĂ­nicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School (FMUSP), Brazil.



Thirty-four patients with portal hypertension and previous history of esophageal varices hemorrhage due to hepatosplenic Mansonic schistosomiasis were prospectively studied.


All patients underwent invasive hemodynamic monitoring with introduction of a pulmonary artery catheter. Hemodynamic evaluation was characterized by an increased cardiac index (4.90 +/- 1.27 L/min/m2) associated to a decrease in systemic vascular resistance index (1461 +/- 443.04 dynes.sec/cm5.m2).


Mean pulmonary artery pressure (17.97 +/- 6.97 mmHg) and right atrial pressure (7.65 +/- 3.67 mmHg) were increased while pulmonary vascular resistance index was decreased (147.95 +/- 126.21 dynes.sec/cm5.m2). Twenty-four patients (70.5%) presented pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary artery pressure > 15 mmHg); in fifteen (44.1%) pulmonary pressure was between 15 and 20 mmHg, in three between 20 and 25 mmHg and, in four patients, pulmonary pressure was higher than 25 mmHg.


In conclusion, pulmonary hypertension is a frequent complication in patients with portal hypertension due to hepatosplenic Mansonic schistosomiasis and, in 20.6% of the cases, it can be considered as moderate or severe. Our results suggest that shunt surgeries, which can aggravate pulmonary hypertension, should be employed very cautiously in the treatment of schistosomal portal hypertension.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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