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Chembiochem. 2004 Jan 3;5(1):87-92.

Fungal aerobic reductive dechlorination of ethyl 2-chloroacetoacetate by Saccharomyces cerevisiae: mechanism of a novel type of microbial dehalogenation.

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Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Biochemie, 01062 Dresden, Germany.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae reduces the beta-keto ester ethyl 2-chloroacetoacetate to the respective chiral cis- and trans-beta-hydroxy esters. In the course of chiral reduction, competing dehalogenation of the xenobiotic substrate to ethyl acetoacetate occurs, in a reaction mediated by cytosolic glutathione (GSH). Mechanistically, the dechlorination is a novel type of glutathione-dependent dehalogenation catalysed by an as yet unidentified glutathione-dependent dehalogenase. The first step consists of a nucleophilic replacement of the chloride substituent by glutathione. In the subsequent enzyme-catalysed step, a second glutathione molecule liberates the dehalogenation product by thiolytic attack at the thioether bridge, resulting in a net transfer of two electrons to the substrate and in the formation of glutathione disulfide (GSSG). Being effective under aerobic conditions and catalysed by a fungus, this reductive dechlorination of an aliphatic substrate is an outstanding example of a novel, glutathione-mediated microbial dehalogenation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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