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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2003 Dec;62(12):1228-40.

Neurochemical mechanisms induced by high frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus: increase of extracellular striatal glutamate and GABA in normal and hemiparkinsonian rats.

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Equipe Neurochimie et Neuroplasticité Fonctionnelles, INSERM U.318-Neurosciences Précliniques, Université Joseph Fourier, Pavillon de Neurologie, Grenoble, France.


High frequency stimulation (HFS) (130 Hz) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) provides beneficial effects in patients suffering from severe parkinsonism, but the mechanisms underlying these clinical results remain to be clarified. To date, very little is known concerning the effects of STN-HFS on neurochemical transmission in the different basal ganglia nuclei and in particular the striatum. This study examines the effects of STN-HFS in intact and hemiparkinsonian rats on extracellular striatal glutamate (Glu) and GABA levels by means of intracerebral microdialysis. Unilateral STN-HFS was found to induce a significant bilateral increase of striatal Glu and GABA both in intact and in dopamine-lesioned animals. In intact rats, these increases were reversed by local administration of the D1 antagonist SCH 23390, but were potentiated by the D2 antagonist sulpiride. Potentiation was also observed after local administration of both D1 and D2 antagonists whose amplitude was similar to that measured in hemiparkinsonian rats. These data furnish the first evidence that STN-HFS influences striatal amino-acid transmission and that this influence is modulated by dopamine. They provide evidence that the effects of STN-HFS are not only restricted to the direct STN targets, but also involve adaptive changes within other structures of the basal ganglia circuitry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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