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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 Nov;91(5):493-5.

Fig and mulberry cross-allergy.

Author information

1
Department of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hypersensitivity reactions to ingestion of figs (Ficus carica) and mulberries (Morus nigra and Morus alba) are considered uncommon and have never been reported as occurring in the same patient.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether hypersensitivity to figs and mulberries can induce cross-allergy.

METHODS:

We describe 3 cases of associated fig and mulberry allergy in 3 patients with multiple sensitizations to food allergens (mostly fruit) and airborne allergens. The presence of specific IgE was investigated by skin prick tests and radioallergosorbent tests.

RESULTS:

The 3 patients had a convincing clinical history of food allergy caused by eating fresh figs, and in all 3 cases clinical and/or laboratory evidence of sensitization to mulberries was also collected.

CONCLUSIONS:

We reason that Ficus and Morus are closely related genera of the Moraceae family and speculate that hypersensitivity to figs and mulberries might be associated as the result of allergen cross-reactivity rather than mere coincidence.

PMID:
14692435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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