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Thromb Haemost. 2004 Jan;91(1):28-37.

A novel gene mutation in the 60s loop of human coagulation factor VII - inhibition of interdomain crosstalk.

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Biotechnology Centre of Oslo, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.


A novel mutation in the factor VII gene resulting in procoagulant activity of 7.5% and antigen levels of 23% is presented. Single-stranded conformational polymorphism and DNA sequencing analysis revealed heterozygous shifts, and mutations were detected in exons 5, 7 and 8. The mutant L204P in exon 7 was novel, while the common polymorphisms, H115H and R353Q, were located in exons 5 and 8, respectively. The molecular effect of the L204P mutation was characterized using recombinant mammalian expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Low levels (4 ng/ml) of secreted mutant protein were found in transiently transfected cells compared to wild-type factor VII (83 ng/ml). Metabolic labeling demonstrated that the rate of mutant protein synthesis was similar to that of wild-type FVII, and the mutant protein accumulated intracellularly with no signs of increased degradation during a four-hour chase. No interaction between secreted P204 protein and immobilized soluble tissue factor was detected using surface plasmon reso-nance. The activation rate of recombinant mutant FVII protein was strongly reduced compared to wild-type FVII. A 9-fold reduction in the rate of FX activation was detected whereas Km was nearly the same for wild-type and the mutant. This slow rate was caused by a correspondingly lowered rate of P204 activation. A synthetic peptide sequence comprising amino acids 177-206 blocked binding of FVIIa to the TF-chip, and the subsequent factor X activation with an IC(50) value of 0.5 micro M in a chromogenic factor Xa assay. Additionally, evaluation of the peptide by surface plasmon resonance analysis resulted in inhibition of complex formation with an apparent K(I) of 7 micro M.

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