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Oncogene. 2004 Apr 15;23(17):3024-32.

Bone morphogenetic protein-5, -6 and -7 inhibit growth and induce apoptosis in human myeloma cells.

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Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim N-7489, Norway.


Previously, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and -4 have been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in human myeloma cells. BMP-2 and -4 belong to a subgroup of BMPs using the BMP receptors Alk-3 or -6. In this study, we examined the effects on human myeloma cells of BMP-6 and -7, members of a different BMP subgroup, which mainly utilize Alk-2 as their receptor. All cell lines examined expressed mRNA for the BMP-6 and -7 receptor Alk-2. We did not detect transcripts for the BMP-2 and -4 receptors Alk-3 or Alk-6 in INA-6 and RPMI-8226 cells by RT-PCR. Accordingly, the intracellular signalling molecules Smad-1, -5 and -8 were not phosphorylated by BMP-4 in INA-6 and RPMI-8226 cells. The expression patterns of various BMP receptors in the myeloma cell lines explained the differences in responses to the various BMPs. Alk-2-expressing cell lines responded with growth inhibition and apoptosis to BMP-6 and -7, whereas cell lines lacking both Alk-3 and -6 were resistant to BMP-4. Soluble Alk-3 and -6 were able to neutralize the BMP-4 effects in BMP-4-responsive cell lines. All BMPs reduced viability in more than 70% of purified primary myeloma cell samples. BMPs have intriguing antitumor effects in vitro. Importantly, myeloma cells not responsive to BMP-2 and -4 may still be sensitive to BMP-6 or -7. It is possible that therapeutic use of BMP or BMP analogues could have an impact on both myeloma bone disease and myeloma cell growth.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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