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Int J Cardiol. 1992 Dec;37(3):317-27.

Autoperfusion balloon catheter for complicated coronary angioplasty: a prospective study with retrospective controls.

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Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Groningen, Netherlands.


Prolonged angioplasty balloon inflation with an autoperfusion balloon for failed conventional coronary angioplasty, was compared with emergency surgery for this condition. Restenosis was assessed 6 weeks after successful intervention with the autoperfusion balloon. Forty consecutive patients with persistent acute occlusion and/or severe intimal dissection during conventional angioplasty, were treated with the autoperfusion balloon. They were candidates for emergency surgery if it failed. Total inflation time was significantly longer (p < 0.001) with the autoperfusion balloon (27.5; 10-180 min) than with the standard balloon (10; 1-20 min) (median; range). The number of inflations was significantly lower (p < 0.001) with the autoperfusion balloon (2; 1-5 times) than with the standard balloon (5; 2-14 times) (median; range). Two patients died, one before surgery could be performed. The autoperfusion balloon was successful in 26 patients (65%). After 6 weeks, 16 (62%) were asymptomatic without anti-anginal medication, 24 underwent repeat angiography, 10 (42%) had restenosis, 7 (27%) underwent elective bypass surgery. Emergency surgery remained necessary in 13 patients (33%), 9 received arterial grafts. In 31 retrospective controls, who had undergone immediate surgery for the same indication, only venous grafts could be used. Thus, prolonged autoperfusion balloon inflation was successful in 65% of the cases of failed, conventional angioplasty. The angiographic restenosis rate after 6 weeks was 42%. If emergency surgery remained necessary, the autoperfusion balloon facilitated the use of arterial bypass grafts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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