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Genetics. 1992 Nov;132(3):651-64.

XRS2, a DNA repair gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is needed for meiotic recombination.

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Institut Curie, Section de Biologie, Orsay, France.


The XRS2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been previously identified as a DNA repair gene. In this communication, we show that XRS2 also encodes an essential meiotic function. Spore inviability of xrs2 strains is rescued by a spo13 mutation, but meiotic recombination (both gene conversion and crossing over) is highly depressed in spo13 xrs2 diploids. The xrs2 mutation suppresses spore inviability of a spo13 rad52 strain suggesting that XRS2 acts prior to RAD52 in the meiotic recombination pathway. In agreement with the genetic data, meiosis-specific double-strand breaks at the ARG4 meiotic recombination hotspot are not detected in xrs2 strains. Despite its effects on meiotic recombination, the xrs2 mutation does not prevent mitotic recombination events, including homologous integration of linear DNA, mating-type switching and radiation-induced gene conversion. Moreover, xrs2 strains display a mitotic hyper-rec phenotype. Haploid xrs2 cells fail to carry out G2-repair of gamma-induced lesions, whereas xrs2 diploids are able to perform some diploid-specific repair of these lesions. Meiotic and mitotic phenotypes of xrs2 cells are very similar to those of rad50 cells suggesting that XRS2 is involved in homologous recombination in a way analogous to that of RAD50.

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