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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jan 9;313(2):437-41.

Raptor, a binding partner of target of rapamycin.

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  • 1Biosignal Research Center, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.


The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) controls cell growth in response to amino acids and growth factors, in part by regulating p70 S6 kinase alpha (p70 alpha) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (4EBP1). Raptor (regulatory associated protein of mTOR) is a 150 kDa mTOR binding protein that is essential for TOR signaling in vivo and also binds 4EBP1 and p70alpha through their respective TOS (TOR signaling) motifs, a short conserved segment previously shown to be required for amino acid- and mTOR-dependent regulation of these substrates in vivo. Raptor appears to serve as an mTOR scaffold protein, the binding of which to the TOS motif of mTOR substrates is necessary for effective mTOR-catalyzed phosphorylation. Further understanding of regulation of the mTOR-raptor complex in response to the nutritional environment would require identification of the interplay between the mTOR-raptor complex and its upstream effectors such as the protein products of tumor suppressor gene tuberous sclerosis complexes 1 and 2, and the Ras-related small G protein Rheb.

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