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J Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Jan;44(1):73-82.

Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluation of a novel proton pump inhibitor, YH1885, in healthy volunteers.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

To evaluate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics of YH1885, a novel proton pump inhibitor, a single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-rising, parallel-group study was conducted in 46 healthy volunteers. The volunteers were randomly allocated to single dose groups of 60 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg, and 300 mg (6 subjects per dose, including 2 placebos) or to multiple-dose groups of 150 mg and 300 mg (once-daily dosing for 7 days; 8 subjects per dose, including 2 placebos). The multiple-dose study was conducted separately after the single-dose study. YH1885 was administered orally after overnight fasting. Serial blood samples, urine samples, and pharmacodynamic measurements were taken. Drug concentrations in plasma and urine were determined by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Pharmacodynamic changes were evaluated by ambulatory intragastric pH monitoring and by serial measurements of serum gastrin concentrations. Assessments of safety and tolerability also were made. Plasma concentrations of YH1885 reached peak levels 1.3 to 2.5 hours after single-dose administration and then declined monoexponentially with a terminal half-life (t(1/2)) of 2.2 to 2.4 hours in dosage groups up to 200 mg in the single-dose study. YH1885 showed linear pharmacokinetic characteristics, and little accumulation occurred after multiple administrations. The parent drug was not detected in urine. Dose-related pharmacological effects were obvious for dose groups of 150 mg and higher in the single-dose study. The mean intragastric pH and the percentage of time at pH>4 were significantly increased. The onset of drug effect was rapid, and maximal effects were observed on the first day of administration during multiple dosing. Serum gastrin levels also showed rapid increases during dosing but with a weak dose-effect relationship. Neither serious nor dose-limiting adverse effects were observed. YH1885 was found to be safe and well tolerated and effectively inhibited acid secretion with dose-dependent increases in intragastric pH. The acid-suppressing efficacy of YH1885 needs to be further evaluated in patients with gastric acid-related diseases.

PMID:
14681344
DOI:
10.1177/0091270003261321
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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