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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Dec 19;312(3):670-5.

Tyrosine phosphorylation of the Rab24 GTPase in cultured mammalian cells.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA.


Several members of the large family of Rab GTPases have been shown to function in vesicular trafficking in mammalian cells. However, the exact role of Rab24 remains poorly defined. Rab24 differs from other Rab proteins in that it has a low intrinsic GTPase activity and is not efficiently prenylated. Here we report an additional unique property of Rab24; i.e., the protein can undergo tyrosine phosphorylation when overexpressed in cultured cells. Immunoblot analyses with specific anti-phosphotyrosine monoclonal antibodies revealed the presence of phosphotyrosine (pTyr) on myc-Rab24 in whole cell lysates and immunoprecipitated samples. No pTyr was detected on other overexpressed myc-tagged GTPases (H-Ras, Rab1b, Rab6, Rab11 or Rab13). Comparisons of myc-Rab24 in the soluble and particulate fractions from HEK293 and HEp-2 cells indicated that the cytosolic pool of Rab24 was more heavily phosphorylated than the membrane pool. Treatment of transfected cells with the broad-spectrum tyrosine kinase inhibitor, genistein, as well as the specific Src-family kinase inhibitor, PP2, eliminated the pTyr signal from Rab24. In contrast the receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, tyrphostin A25, had no effect. Tyrosine phosphorylation of Rab24 was reduced by alanine substitution of two unique tyrosines, one found in a strong consensus phosphorylation motif (Y [Formula: see text] ) in the hypervariable domain (Y172) and the other falling within the GXXXGK(S/T) motif known as the P-loop (Y17). The latter region is known to influence GTP hydrolysis in Rab proteins, so the phosphorylation of Y17 could contribute to the low intrinsic GTPase activity of Rab24. This is the first report of tyrosine phosphorylation in any member of the Ras superfamily and it raises the possibility that this type of modification could influence Rab24 targeting and interactions with effector protein complexes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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