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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2003 Dec 12;229(2):283-9.

Localisation of Helicobacter pylori catalase in both the periplasm and cytoplasm, and its dependence on the twin-arginine target protein, KapA, for activity.

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MRC Molecular Pathogenesis group, Centre for Infectious Diseases, Institute for Cell and Molecular Sciences, Queen Mary College, University of London, Whitechapel, London E1 2AA, UK.


Helicobacter pylori induces a severe inflammatory response in the gastric mucosa. It is able to withstand the inflammatory response by producing proteins such as KatA and KapA. The C-terminus of KatA possesses a unique tetra-lysine motif not found in other catalases or other known protein sequences. Mutants deficient in this motif were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. Cytoplasmic and periplasmic catalase activities were measured for the parental strain, a truncated KatA mutant (deficient in the unique C-terminal tetra-lysine motif) and a previously constructed KapA-deficient mutant (confirming previous observations regarding the possible periplasmic localisation of KatA). No differences were observed in the cytoplasmic catalase activities, however, the KapA-deficient mutant had approximately 5.5 times less catalase activity in the periplasmic extract when compared to the periplasmic preparations of either parental strain or KatA truncated mutant. N-terminal sequencing of KatA revealed no cleaved N-terminal signal peptide, indicating Sec-independent transport. These findings support previous reports that there is some form of interaction between KatA and KapA of H. pylori, an interaction which still needs to be characterised.

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