Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Free Radic Biol Med. 2003 Dec 15;35(12):1589-98.

Proliferation and wound healing of vascular cells trigger the generation of extracellular reactive oxygen species and LDL oxidation.

Author information

1
Inserm U-466 and Department of Biochemistry, CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, France.

Abstract

Cell proliferation of vascular cells is a key feature in vascular biology, wound healing, and pathophysiological processes such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. In atherosclerotic intima, cell proliferation colocalizes with oxidized LDL that indicate a local oxidative stress. This study aims to investigate whether cell proliferation is causally related with extracellular ROS generation and subsequent LDL oxidation. Sparse proliferating endothelial and smooth muscle cells generate higher levels of extracellular ROS (O2*- and H2O2) and LDL oxidation than confluent contact-inhibited cells. During wound healing of confluent cell layer, cell proliferation associated with healing also induced enhanced extracellular ROS generation and LDL oxidation. Proliferation-associated extracellular ROS generation is mediated through mitogenic signaling pathways, involving ERK1/2 and PKC, but is independent of de novo DNA synthesis, gene expression and protein synthesis. Data obtained with inhibitors of oxidases suggest that proliferation-associated extracellular ROS are not generated by a single ROS-generating system and are not essential for cell proliferation. In conclusion, our data show that proliferating vascular cells (in sparse culture or during wound healing) generate high levels of extracellular ROS and LDL oxidation through regulation of ROS-generating systems by mitogenic signaling. This constitutes a link between proliferative events and oxidative stress/LDL oxidation in atherosclerotic lesions and restenosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center