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Brain Res. 1992 Nov 20;596(1-2):58-64.

Vasopressin-induced motor effects: localization of a sensitive site in the amygdala.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alta., Canada.

Abstract

Arginine vasopressin (AVP) induces motor effects when administered into the cerebral ventricles, the ventral septal area (VSA), or the vestibular cerebellum of the rat brain. Because AVP-like immunoreactivity and AVP-binding sites exist in the central medial amygdala (cmeA), and because the amygdala can be kindled to produce motor effects, we hypothesized that the amygdala might play a role in AVP-induced motor effects. This hypothesis was tested by observing motor behavior in response to injection of AVP into the central medial region of the amygdala. Our results demonstrate that an initial injection of AVP into the cmeA caused minor motor effects, including immobility, prostration and ataxia, whereas a similar injection, given 24 h later, caused severe motor effects including barrel rotations and myoclonic/myotonic-like convulsive behavior. A potential receptor basis for the AVP-induced motor and sensitization effects in the cmeA was investigated using AVP analogues. A V1 antagonist, d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)AVP, blocked both the motor and sensitization effects produced by cmeA AVP injection. A V2 receptor agonist, DDAVP, did not affect motor activity upon cmeA injection, but did, however, sensitize animals to subsequent cmeA AVP injection. These results suggest that the cmeA is a sensitive site for AVP-induced motor effects and that these motor effects are sensitized by prior exposure to AVP. While the motor effects observed after cmeA AVP injection are mediated via AVP receptors that resemble the V1 type, the sensitization effect may be mediated via multiple receptor systems.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
1468003
DOI:
10.1016/0006-8993(92)91532-j
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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