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Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jan 1;38(1):104-21. Epub 2003 Dec 8.

Recommendations for incorporating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention into the medical care of persons living with HIV.


The estimated number of annual new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States has remained at 40,000 for >10 years. Reducing the rate of transmission will require new strategies, including emphasis on prevention of transmission by HIV-infected persons. Medical care providers can affect HIV transmission by screening HIV-infected patients for risk behaviors, communicating prevention messages, discussing sexual and drug-use behaviors, reinforcing changes to safer behavior, referring patients for services such as substance abuse treatment, facilitating partner counseling and referral, and identifying and treating other sexually transmitted diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) have recently collaborated to develop evidence-based recommendations for incorporating HIV prevention into the medical care of persons living with HIV. This article summarizes key aspects of the recommendations.

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