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Cancer Res. 2003 Dec 1;63(23):8126-31.

Photodynamic therapy: a means to enhanced drug delivery to tumors.

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The Photodynamic Therapy Center, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA.


Using the photosensitizer 2-[1-hexyloxyethyl]-2-devinyl pyropheophorbide-a, we have determined that photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be used to facilitate the delivery of macromolecular agents. PDT regimens that use low fluences and fluence rates were the most successful. This effect was demonstrated for fluorescent microspheres with diameters ranging from 0.1 to 2 microm. Such treatment given immediately before administration of Doxil, a liposomally encapsulated formulation of doxorubicin with an average diameter of 0.1 microm, significantly enhanced its accumulation in transplanted murine Colo 26 tumors. The combination of PDT and Doxil led to a highly significant potentiation in tumor control without concomitant enhancement of systemic or local toxicity. Interestingly, concentration-effect modeling suggested that the enhanced cure rate was greater than what was predicted based on the increase in intratumor Doxil concentration. In summary, we have developed a novel PDT treatment that enhances the delivery and efficacy of macromolecule-based cancer therapies such as Doxil.

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