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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2004 Feb;19(1):16-25.

Two epithelial cell invasion-related loci of the oral pathogen Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

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University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Two invasion-related loci, apiA and the two-gene operon apiBC, were isolated from the oral pathogen Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans UT32. apiA encodes a 32.5 kDa protein that migrates on SDS-PAGE as a 101 kDa protein as detected by Western blot analysis or silver staining of an outer membrane-enriched fraction of Escherichia coli transformants. E. coli expressing ApiA have a different phenotype than the host vector, in broth and on solid media, and a colony morphology that resembles that of fresh A. actinomycetemcomitans isolates. These E. coli transformants bound to chicken collagen type II, human collagen type II, III, V and fibronectin. apiB and apiC encode proteins of 130.1 and 70.6 kDa, respectively. ApiBC conferred on E. coli a slightly enhanced ability to bind to collagen type III. ApiA- and ApiB-deficient mutants were constructed in A. actinomycetemcomitans. The ApiB-mutant had 4-fold diminished invasion of KB cells; the ApiA-mutant had increased invasion. Both loci were found in all A. actinomycetemcomitans strains, although polymorphism was detected only for apiBC. The deduced sequences of these invasion-related proteins are homologous to members of the YadA adhesin/invasin family.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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