Send to

Choose Destination
J Invest Dermatol. 2003 Dec;121(6):1536-43.

An N-terminal 80 kDa recombinant fragment of human thrombospondin-2 inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor induced endothelial cell migration in vitro and tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo.

Author information

Cutaneous Biology Research Center and Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA.


We have previously shown that stable overexpression of the thrombospondin-2 (TSP-2) gene inhibited the tumor growth and angiogenesis of human squamous cell carcinoma xenotransplants. To investigate the potential antitumoral efficacy of systemic TSP-2 therapy, we expressed a recombinant 80 kDa fragment of human TSP-2 (TSP-2/NTF), encompassing the N-terminal globular region through the three type 1 repeats, in human kidney 293 EBNA cells, using a modified pCEP4 expression vector. Daily intraperitoneal injections of TSP-2/NTF resulted in a significant inhibition of the growth of human A431 squamous cell carcinomas in vivo and in reduced tumor vascularization. To further investigate possible mechanisms of the antiangiogenic activity of TSP-2/NTF, several in vitro angiogenesis assays were performed in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells. TSP-2/NTF inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor induced migration of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells and inhibited tube formation on Matrigel in vitro. TSP-2/NTF also inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor induced angiogenesis in an in vivo Matrigel assay. Moreover, TSP-2/NTF potently induced human dermal microvascular endothelial cell apoptosis in vitro but did not affect A431 tumor cell proliferation or apoptosis. These findings identify TSP-2/NTF as a potent systemic inhibitor of tumor growth and angiogenesis, acting by direct inhibition of several endothelial cell functions involved in neovascularization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center