Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Dec;85(6):1121-35.

Myopic social prediction and the solo comparison effect.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. don.moore@alumni.carleton.edu

Abstract

Four experiments explored the psychological processes by which people make comparative social judgments. Each participant chose how much money to wager on beating an opponent on either a difficult or a simple trivia quiz. Quiz difficulty did not influence the average person's probability of winning, yet participants bet more on a simple quiz than on a difficult quiz in the first 3 experiments. The results suggest that this effect results from a tendency to attend more closely to a focal actor than to others. Experiment 4 directly manipulated focusing; when participants were led to focus on the opponent instead of themselves, the effect was reversed. The discussion relates the results to other literatures including overly optimistic self-evaluation, false consensus, overconfidence, and social comparison.

PMID:
14674818
DOI:
10.1037/0022-3514.85.6.1121
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Psychological Association
Loading ...
Support Center