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Evasion of the immune system by adenoviruses.

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School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.


Human adenoviruses (Ads) have the ability to transform primary cells, and certain Ads, the subgenus A adenoviruses such as Ad12, induce tumours in immunocompetent rodents. The oncogenic phenotype of the subgenus A adenoviruses is determined by the viral E1A oncogene. In order to generate tumours, Ad12-transformed cells must evade the cellular immune system of the host. Ad12 E1A gene products mediate transcriptional repression of several genes in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) involved in antigen processing and presentation, resulting in evasion of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) killing of transformed cells. In this review, the molecular mechanisms of E1A-mediated transcriptional repression of MHC gene expression are described. In addition, evasion of natural killer (NK) cell killing by Ad-transformed cells is also considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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